The Yuans were succeeded by the Ming dynasty that ruled China from 1368 to 1644 AD. Emperor Hongwu who was the founder of the Ancient China Ming Dynasty was a peasant.
Since he was a farmer himself, Emperor Hongwu made several laws that were helpful for the peasants like a low land tax, keeping the granaries stocked, maintaining dikes on rivers like Yellow and Yangtze.
The Ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty was a dynasty in power in China during the Middle Ages. It was a time of travel and adventure in China as well as Europe. The Chinese mariners mapped the world and they brought back treasures from around the globe, some of which are on display today in the fabulous Forbidden Palace. The Ancient Chinese Ming Dynasty was remembered as the last dynasty reigned by Han Chinese and had contained and sustained an estimated 160 to 200 million people in population during the latter years of its rule
One of the highlights of the Ming dynasty was an emergence of novels and other written literature that was inspired by the works of the Chinese storytellers. Dictionaries were also written. The one that was written in 1615 A.D. reduced the number of signs for Chinese characters to 214 from more than 540 signs.
Yet another art form that received great importance was woodcut and Block printing. Initially, the capital of the Ancient China Ming Dynasty was in Nanjing but the third emperor moved the capital to Beijing.
Another historic contribution of the Mings was the construction of the Great Wall of China. Although several dynasties before the Mings had tried to build Great Walls, the current Wall has been built mainly by the Mings. The Ancient China Ming Dynasty must be credited to brick and granite work along with redesigning of watchtowers and placing cannons along the Wall.